ICP Technology

JOSCO will develop oil shale using a novel technology that is called In-Situ Conversion Process (ICP). With ICP, oil is produced through heating the oil shale in place. Neither excavation nor mining is required.  The heating process pyrolyzes the organic matter of the oil shale, thereby converting it to oil and gas underground.  These products then are produced using conventional oil field extraction technology.

With ICP, JOSCO can develop oil shale where it is richest and thickest. Unlike surface retorting operations that are limited to utilizing near surface exposures of oil shale beds, ICP can develop oil shale at depths of up to 1000 meters. This means that JOSCO can explore for the most favorable occurrences of oil shale.
 
ICP, a superior technology, also produces light crude oil that requires less refining to produce high quality transportation fuels (e.g. gasoline, jet and diesel fuels). It can also produce a larger volume of oil and gas from a relatively smaller surface area compared to surface retort technology. Traditional surface retorting involves strip-mining the oil shale and transporting it to a retort facility for pyrolysis. The fact that oil shale is brought to the surface presents the subsequent problem of disposal of the spent shale ash after pyrolysis. With ICP technology, the pyrolysed shale remains in place underground.
 
In a series of field tests since the mid-1980s, the ICP technology has proven to work technically. During the Appraisal period, JOSCO will construct the Jordan Field Experiment (JFE), a small scale testing facility to test how oil shale in Jordan reacts to Shell’s ICP technology. Which would also demonstrate if Shell's ICP technology can be applied commercially and if it is suitable to develop the oil shale deposits in Jordan.